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Distinguished Unit Citation
Presidential Unit Citation is awarded to units of the Armed
Forces of the United States and co-belligerent nations for extraordinary
heroism in action against an armed enemy occurring on or after
7 December 1941. The unit must display such gallantry, determination,
and esprit de corps in accomplishing its mission under extremely
difficult and hazardous conditions as to set it apart and above
other units participating in the same campaign. The degree of
heroism required is the same as that which would warrant award
of a Distinguished Service Cross to an individual. Extended
periods of combat duty or participation in a large number of
operational missions, either ground or air is not sufficient.
This award will normally be earned by units that have participated
in single or successive actions covering relatively brief time
spans. It is not reasonable to presume that entire units can
sustain Distinguished Service Cross performance for extended
time periods except under the most unusual circumstances.
Only on rare occasions will a unit larger than battalion, qualify
for award of this decoration.
of War Medal
The Prisoner of War Medal is issued only to those U.S. military
personnel who were taken prisoner and held captive after 5
(1) While engaged in an action against an enemy of the United
(2) While engaged in military operations involving conflict
with an opposing foreign force; or
(3) While serving with friendly forces engaged in an armed
conflict against an opposing force in which the United States
is not a belligerent party.
Civilians who have been credited with military service which
included the period of captivity are also eligible for the medal.
c. Hostages of terrorists and persons detained by governments
with which the United States is not engaged actively in armed
conflict are not eligible for the medal.
Force Combat Readiness Medal
Effective Dates: The Combat Readiness Medal has been awarded for
qualifying service retroactive to August 1, 1960.
The Combat Readiness Medal is awarded to military service members
after August 1, 1960, for sustained individual combat or mission
readiness or preparedness for direct weapon system employment.
a service member must meet the following criteria:
(1) Be a member of a unit subject to combat readiness as specified
in appropriate directives;
Be individually certified as combat or mission ready; and, Complete
24 months of sustained combat or mission readiness with no more
than a 120 calendar day break.
Have completed 24 months of sustained combat or mission readiness
with no more than a 120 calendar day break.
The Good Conduct Medal is awarded for exemplary behavior, efficiency,
and fidelity in active Federal Military service. It is awarded
on a selective basis to each soldier who distinguishes himself
from among his/her fellow soldiers by their exemplary conduct,
efficiency, and fidelity throughout a specified period of continuous
enlisted active Federal military service. Qualifying periods
of service include each three years completed after 27 August
1940 or, for first award only, upon completion of at least one
year upon termination of service if separated prior to three
years. The immediate commander must approve the award and the
award must be announced in permanent orders.
Effective 1 September 1982, Active Guard Reserve personnel became
eligible for award of the Good Conduct Medal. For Active Guard
Reserve personnel, the Good Conduct Medal qualification period
may commence at a time during the three years immediately preceding
the 1 September 1982 effective date, provided no portion of
service for the Good Conduct Medal is included in a period of
service for which the Army Reserve Components Achievement Medal
The American Defense Service Medal was awarded to personnel
for active duty service from 8 September 1939 to 7 December
1941 for a period of twelve months or longer.
The American Defense Service Medal was established per Executive
Order 8808, dated 28 June 1941, by President Franklin D. Roosevelt
and announced in War Department Bulletin 17, 1941. The criteria
was announced in Department of the Army Circular 44, dated 13
The ribbon design was approved by the Secretary of War and the
Secretary of Navy on January 7, 1942. The golden yellow color
was symbolic of the golden opportunity of the youth of the United
States to serve the National colors, represented by the blue,
white and red pin stripes on each side.
The medal was designed by Mr. Lee Lawrie, a civilian sculptor
from Easton, Maryland. The model was approved by the Commission
of Fine Arts on May 5, 1942.
The foreign service clasp is worn on the suspension ribbon to
indicate service outside the Continental United States. A bronze
star is worn on the service ribbon in lieu of the foreign service
The American Campaign Medal was awarded to personnel for service
within the American Theater between 7 December 1941 and 2 March
1946 under any of the following conditions.
On permanent assignment outside the continental limits of
the United States.
Permanently assigned as a member of a crew of a vessel sailing
ocean waters for a period of 30 days or 60 nonconsecutive
Permanently assigned as a member of an operating crew of an
airplane actually making regular and frequent flights over
ocean waters for a period of 30 days.
Outside the continental limits of the United States in a passenger
status or on temporary duty for 30 consecutive days or 60
days not consecutive.
In active combat against the enemy and was awarded a combat
decoration or furnished a certificate by the commanding general
of a corps, higher unit, or independent force that he actually
participated in combat.
Within the continental limits of the United States for an
aggregate period of one year.
The eastern boundary of the American Theater is from the North
Pole, south along the 75th meridian west longitude to the 77th
parallel north latitude, then southeast through Davis Strait
to the intersection of the 40th parallel north latitude and
the 35th meridian west longitude, then south along the meridian
to the 10th parallel north latitude, then southeast to the intersection
of the Equator and the 20th meridian west longitude, then south
along the 20th meridian west longitude to the South Pole. The
western boundary is from the North Pole, south along the 141st
meridian west longitude to the east boundary of Alaska, then
south and southeast along the Alaska boundary to the Pacific
Ocean, then south along the 130th meridian to its intersection
with the 30th parallel north latitude, then southeast to the
intersection of the Equator and the 100th meridian west longitude
to the South Pole. The American Theater included North America
(excluding Alaska) and South America.
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