In any action against an enemy of the United States;
In any action with an opposing armed force of a foreign
country in which the Armed Forces of the United States are
or have been engaged;
While serving with friendly foreign forces engaged in an
armed conflict against an opposing armed force in which
the United States is not a belligerent party;
As a result of an act of any such enemy of opposing armed
As the result of an act of any hostile foreign force;
After 28 March 1973, as a result of an international terrorist
attack against the United States or a foreign nation friendly
to the United States, recognized as such an attack by the
Secretary of the department concerned, or jointly by the
Secretaries of the departments concerned if persons from
more than one department are wounded in the attack; or,
After 28 March 1973, as a result of military operations,
while serving outside the territory of the United States
as part of a peacekeeping force.
After 7 December 1941, by weapon fire while directly engaged
in armed conflict, regardless of the fire causing the wound.
While held as a prisoner of war or while being taken captive.